What Exactly is Peripheral Vascular Disease?

Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) usually refers to fatty deposits (atherosclerosis) that narrow the arteries, PVD occurs most often in the legs. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients to the body's cells. If the arteries are clogged or narrowed, the cells cannot get enough blood, which carries essential oxygen and nutrients.
Advise the patient to change positions frequently to avoid blood pooling in the feet. Teach him how to promote perfusion by keeping his legs and feet warm and by avoiding vasoconstrictive substances, such as caffeine and nicotine. Tell him that wearing tight, restrictive clothing on the legs can hinder blood flow.

PVD can occur in those who have not been diagnosed with diabetes, but typically only when they are well-advanced in age. For those with diabetes, this vascular disease can turn up in even the young.

Although there are many causes for the peripheral vasculars diseases, theprimary causes are:

1. Elevated blood pressure or Hypertension
2. Tobacco use or smoking Existence of Diabetes Mellitus High cholesterol

It has to be noted that the risk of peripheral vasculars disease is very common in people above 50 years of age.

The risk of peripheral vascular disease is dramatically increased in smokers. When a person stops smoking, regardless of how much he or she may have smoked in the past, their risk of peripheral vascular disease rapidly declines.

Poor blood flow can cause peripheral vascular disease. Peripheral vascular disease slows down the healing process. Smoking when you have diabetes can make the blood flow problems much worse.