Interesting Fact about Gujrat


Gujrat is fifth largest state in India by area and ninth largest state in India by population. It is on the western coast with a coastline of 1600 km.most of the places lies on Kathiawar peninsula. Area of this state is almost 196.024 square kilometer. It is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east and Arabian Sea on the west. Gujrat is formed in 1960 on the basis of language. Gujrat is evolved from the Sanskrit term Gurjaradesha means “The land of the Gurjaras”.

As per record of 2013, population of the state is 6.27 corers. In other words, Gandhinagar is the capital of Gujrat. Sex ratio of Gujrat is 919. Growth rate is 19.28% and the literacy rate of this state is 78.03%. There are total 33 districts and the main languages of Gujrat is Gujrati.  On the other hand, largest city of Gujrat is Ahmedabad. Ahmedabad is known as Manchester of India. Even, nickname of Ahmedabad is ‘Boston of India’. Gujrat is also known as best state of India because of it has largest sea sore in the country, Gandhinagar is called as one of the greenest cities in the world and greenest capital cities in the entire Asia.

According to human development index Gujrat ranks 21st among Indian states. There are wide range of industrial belt as well as many manufacturing hub. This states encloses some sites of Indus valley civilization like Lothal, Dholavira and Gola dhoro. Lothal was an important trade Centre of Harrapan culture. In other words, rice husk has been seen in Rangpur, near Ahmedabad. On the other hand, artificial dockyard is located in Lothal. Even, many ship designed can be found on seal. Coastal cities of Gujrat is mainly Bharuch and khambat, is known as ports and trading centers in the Maurya and Gupta empires. On the other hand, kandla port is on the coast of Gulf of kuchch. There are two types of Gujrati like Kathiawadi and PersiGujrati. Ahmedabad is commercial metropolitan city in Gujrat.Kandla port is considered as offspring of partition because of it was developed after partition. It is a free trade zone situated in Rann of kachch.

This state has 185 river basins and Main River of this state is Narmada, tapti, Mahi, Sabarmati and others. Narmada has main tributaries like purna, betul, Arunavati, Ganjal, etc. Tapti rises from betul district in M.P. and Sabarmati rises from Aravallis in Rajasthan.There are five biggest dams in India which are SardarSarovar dam, Ukai dam,kadana dam, Dantidawada dam and Kamleshwar dam.

SardarSarovar dam is situated on Narmada River and it is a gravity dam and its height is163 m. In other words, Ukai is second largest dam in India. It is known as VallavSagar. On the other hand, second largest storage capacity of other existing dams.Kadana dam was set up for controlling the floods in the catchment area. 

Staple crops of this state are tobacco, groundnut and cotton. Other major crop are rice, wheat, Jowar, Bajra, maizeand gram. Black soil basically found in Gujrat and it is also called” Regur”. This soil is apt for cotton cultivation, tobacco and oilseeds. In other words, pivotal industry is Gems, jewellery, pharmaceutical, textiles and chemical industries.

Animal husbandry and dairying have played a key role in rural economy of Gujrat. According to livestock census in 1997, there were 209.70 lakh livestock in Gujrat. Even, Gujrat is the main producer of dairy.  Asia’s biggest diary is located in Gujrat.

On the other hand, there are two pharmaceutical hubs like Vadodara and Ahmedabad. Even, there are small, medium and big pharmaceutical companies located around the cities.

There are four National park in Gujrat are as follows:

•Gir forest national park:

It is located in somnath district. Area of this national park is 258.71 square kilometre. This is famous for Asiatic lion.

•Blackbuck national park: it is located in Bhavnagar and it was set up in 1976.it is also famous for spiral horned antelope.

•Marine national park:

This park is situated in Gulf of Kutch and it was establishes in 1982. 31 species of corals, 70 species of sponges and a variety of arthopods found there.

•Vansda national park:

Main fauna of this park are Indian leopard, wild boar, barking deer, jungle cat, flying squirrel, pangolin, Russell’s viper, cobras and kraits can be seen there. Total area of this park is 23.99 square kilometre.

There are several flora in this park like teak, sadad, kadad, humb, timru, bamboo and there are almost 443 species of flowering plant.

On the other hand, in Rann of kutch is famous for its wild ass.

Mineral resources in Gujrat:

Bauxite: Bauxite is the ore of aluminium and it is found in Gujrat. 

Petroleum: In other words, Gujrat is famous for the resource of petroleum and three vital petroleum producing areas is set up in Gujrat. These areas are Ankleshwar, khambat and kalol also. However, Ankleshwar is known as oil field.

Oil refinery: Main two oil refineries of Gujrat are Gujrat refinery and Jamnagar refinery also.

Kakraparais the nuclear power station which is located in Gujrat.

Main airport of Gujrat is sardervallabhbhai Patel international Airport, located in Ahmedabad.

State Symbol of Gujrat:

State motto: satyamevajayate
State animal: Asiatic lion
State bird: greater flamingo
State flower: marigold
State song: jai jaigaravi Gujrat

Tourist Destination of Gujrat:

Surat is known for textile market
Junagarh is famous for its ornate mahabatmaqbara mausoleum and darbar hall museum.
Jamnagar is popular forLakhota palace museum,khijadiya bird sanctuary and Bala hanuman temple.
Akshardham temple and dandikutir museum are located in Gandhinagar. This museum was set up for honouring Gandhi.
Champaner is famous for Archaeological sites and history.
Bhavnagar is perfect for honeymoon, shopping and there are many temples around the cities.
Somnath temple is famous tourist destination of Gujrat.

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