Causes and Treatment of Acne

Common causes of acne are increased sex hormones, such as androgens occurring during puberty. Androgens end up causing sebaceous glands to enlarge, producing excess sebum within hair follicles. Genetics and hormonal changes like stopping the use of birth control medication or pregnancy can also cause acne.

There are several brands of over-the-counter creams and gels that are commonly used to treat chest acne, most of which contain the ingredient benzoyl peroxide. Benzoyl peroxide is an effective oxidizer and keratolytic that effectively kills the P. acnes bacteria and helps reduce the redness and swelling.

Using commercial products or medication is definitely not the best acne treatment for your skin because they only treat the symptoms at best, not cure the root cause of acne. And they'll make you poor because you need to keep spending on these so-called acne treatments to keep your skin acne-free.

Excessive production of oil or sebum is still the main culprit. However, there are also other factors that trigger this skin problem. This includes poor hygiene, level of stress, inadequate nourishment, hormonal changes, seasonal changes, food allergies and heredity. Also, infection from certain micro-organisms can induce scalp acne.

The use of medicines containing bromides, iodides or chlorides, use of cosmetics and other drugs such as trimethadinile, corticosteroids, or phenytoin may cause adult acne. In some cases, acne is caused by exposure to heavy oils, tars or greases. Other causes of adult acne include heredity, excessive exposure to sun rays, and stressful situations.

Another common cause of acne formation is excess oil on your skin. The presence of sebum on your skin is useful to help maintain moisture. However, when your skin produces too much of them, it becomes oily and make it vulnerable to acquiring dirt, bacteria, and other foreign particles. In addition, excessive shedding of your skin follicles could also clog the pores until it leads to the formation of acne.

By making changes in your diet, developing the right sleeping patterns, lowering your stress, exercising, and using skin treatments, you will balance out your hormones and expel the toxins that are causing the blocked pores, oily skin, and bacteria. When you have done this, you have gotten rid of the key factors that cause acne and the acne will disappear.

Another choice is topical antibiotic creams, available by prescription. There are several you can try, including topical clindamycin and erythromycin. If these topical acne medicines aren't enough, you can take antibiotic pills. Tetracycline is the one used most often. Its main side effect is vaginal yeast infection in women.


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